India power adapters - what plugs are used in India?

Indian power outlet

What adapter do I need for India?

You'll need to pack a Type D plug adapter [3] for India if the plug you intend on using doesn't fit in an Indian power outlet.

The type of power adapter, power converter or charger that's needed when visiting India will all depend on the voltage and type of device that you're attempting to power with an Indian power outlet. If you don't know what voltage your device uses then read the section below about how can you tell if you have a dual voltage device before going any further.

  • Some areas in India do not have access to electricity and suffer from power cuts, it is advised to pack a power bank [4] if you wish to recharge your cellphone whilst in an area without access to power or during a power outage.
  • If you are visiting India from the US then you will need to bring a suitable plug adapter to fit a US plug into an Indian power outlet. As the voltage is different in India use a power converter if your device or appliance isn't dual voltage and ensure that it can work with a 50hz power outlet.
  • If your device is 230 volts or is dual voltage and the plug can fit in an Indian power outlet then it will work in India.
  • If your device can run on 230 volts or is dual voltage but the plug won't fit in an Indian power outlet you'll need to bring a suitable plug adapter for India such a Type D plug adapter [3]. A plug adapter for India (or power adapter) is designed to change the shape of the plug on your device to fit into a plug outlet found in India, but won't convert the voltage from 230 volts to another voltage.
  • If your device doesn't run on 230 volts and isn't dual voltage you'll also need a power converter for India to convert the voltage from 230 volts to the correct voltage on your device. You'll still need to bring a suitable plug adapter for India if your power converter doesn't use the correct Type D plug adapter.
  • If you simply want to power one or more USB devices such as a tablet or cell phone then a USB travel power adapter will be more suited and it should be dual voltage, however ensure that you bring one which includes a Type D plug adapter otherwise you'll still need to bring along a suitable plug adapter for India.

Warning: If your device won't handle 230 volts you run a risk of damage to your device, an electrical fire hazard or blowing a fuse. Before attempting to use your device in India read the instruction manual first to ensure safe operation.

India power adapters

Power adapters for India

If you are planning a vacation it can be helpful to know if you can charge all your important electronics like cell phones and laptop computers that you'll be bringing along. However, by not knowing which plug socket to expect you may end up either bringing unnecessary adaptors or pack the wrong adaptor, meaning needing to buy a potentially expensive power adaptor when you get there which could be incompatible and damage your device. Various combinations of standards and plug types can often lead to confusion when planning on visiting a different country, especially if you've never visited before. With only a handful of different types of plug sockets being used in the world this guide tells you exactly what you'll need in advance to charge your electronics in India. This page contains links to simple instructions showing exactly how to charge your devices when you're travelling to India by using the D, C or M type Indian 230 volt 50Hz wall outlets, Type D power outlets will be typically used by most Indians. You will find power sockets vary depending on which region you are travelling to therefore we suggest reading the World power adapters page for a full list of countries.

What is the best power adapter for India?

The best power adapter for India is a Type D power adapter [3] which will allow you to use any 230 volt device or appliance.

What is the best power adapter for India?

What is a power adapter for an Indian power outlet?

A power adapter is a compact and lightweight plastic adapter that permits a different type of power plug on an appliance from a foreign region to correctly fit into an Indian power outlet.

What does a power adapter do?

A power adapter for India allows visitors travelling from another country to use electrical appliances and devices in India by altering the shape of the power plug from one shape to another.

Do I need a plug adapter in India?

This depends on the type of plug you are attempting to use in India.

Do I need a plug adapter if I'm visiting India from America?

A US plug won't physically fit into an Indian power outlet so you will need to bring a plug adapter for India, and because the voltage is 230 volts you will also need to use a power converter for India if your appliance or charger isn't dual voltage to prevent damage or overheating.

Will a power adapter change the voltage from an Indian power outlet?

A power adapter only adapts the shape of a plug to fit into a 230 volt Indian power outlet and is unable to convert to a higher voltage. Should you wish to safely use a 100-120 volt device you also need a more expensive step down power converter.

Where can I buy a power adapter for India?

Power adapters for sale in an airport

Where can I buy a power adapter for India?

Power adapters are typically available in most major airports prior to departure, however the range of adapters might be limited to popular destinations. It is recommended to research the exact type of adapter required prior to shopping at the airport. Look in the travel accessories section of airport newsagents, electronic stores and pharmacists but expect to pay 50% more than regular prices. Airports will be your last chance to buy a power adapter before departure, always check the returns policy to ensure you can easily exchange or refund a faulty or unsuitable product in an airside shop.

On arrival power adapters can be found in local electrical high street shops and drug stores, but always check the build quality first as safety standards might be different in a foreign country as this is important when dealing with electrical goods. Keep in mind that a shopping trip searching for power adapters in an unknown location might be impractical, especially as this needs to happen quickly before batteries run out.

Hotel receptions could have a power adapter for sale, hire or as a complimentary extra for guests; however, availability is normally limited and a hotel might not have the exact type required for your country. If in doubt, call ahead to the hotel first and request a reservation as it is unlikely that an adapter will be found in your room on arrival.

It will more convenient and cheaper to buy the correct power adapter in advance of your trip. High street stores normally sell popular types of travel adapters to popular locations and for widest choice it is recommended to buy a power adapter online.

Electrical adapters for India

Travel Power Strips

Power strips feature multiple USB ports

Travel Power Strips

Benefits of a travel power strip

  • A travel power strip is capable of powering several electronic appliances at once via a single plug socket, costing around $30 USD.
  • Some models have voltage conversation for low wattage devices such as laptops. So therefore if the appliance isn't dual voltage it can still work with a Indian power outlet by using a travel power strip. This will make a travel power strip a cheap and lightweight substitute for a power converter.
  • Most power strips should include a number of USB charging ports.
  • The voltage from power outlets in certain countries could be unstable, a sudden surge in power will damage your delicate devices. There are some models that include a built in surge protector which will prevent your device from being overpowered by an unstable power grid.
  • When you get back home it will still be of use as a power strip and USB charger.
  • US and Canadian power strips include Type A, B, D, E/F, G, H, I, L and N plug adapters so should work in India. (Note: UK power strips include type B, F, G and I plug adapters so you will need to use it with an additional plug adapter.)

Disadvantages of a travel power strip

  • The conversion on travel power strips won't work with high wattage appliances such as curling irons or hair dryers.
  • Due to the size of a travel power strip it might be too bulky for packing in hand luggage.
  • A travel power strip might be excessive if you only have a small number of appliances and devices to charge.
Power Plug Adapters

A small and simple type D plug adapter

Power Plug Adapters

Benefits of a power plug adapter

  • Light and small.
  • Cheap, with prices around $7 USD.
  • Simple to operate.
  • Bringing a Type D plug adapter [3] will be ideal for India.

Disadvantages of a power plug adapter

  • One plug adapter per plug - for every individual appliance you will also need to bring a separate power plug adapter.
  • Only changes the actual shape of the plug to fit in a Type D Indian power outlet and doesn't modify the actual voltage. If your appliance doesn't work with a 230 volt outlet and isn't dual voltage then you will still need to bring a separate voltage converter.
  • Hotel rooms might only have a single power outlet, so you will only be able to power a single device at a time.
  • Should you intend on visiting more than one country then you may need to pack multiple plug adapter types for other countries.
  • You'll also need to bring a separate domestic USB charger if you need to power any USB device.
Travel USB Wall Chargers

A USB travel wall charger

Travel USB Wall Chargers

Benefits of a travel USB wall charger

  • Perfect when you only have to charge devices which use USB, for example tablet computers, cell phones or MP3 players.
  • Instead of bringing multiple domestic USB power chargers you will only need to pack one charger costing around $18 USD.
  • Travel USB wall chargers are typically supplied with swappable heads which means they can be used in a large number of different countries. Interchangeable adapter heads supplied with travel USB wall chargers are typically small and lightweight which makes them easy to store in hand luggage.
  • Offers surge protector built in.
  • It can still be useful domestically.

Disadvantages of a travel USB wall charger

  • The interchangeable heads don't include one which is compatible with an Indian power outlet - therefore you'll still need to bring a separate power plug adapter.
  • Restricted to USB outputs so you will be unable to charge any electrical appliances, only USB devices.
Universal Travel Power Adapters

Universal travel power adapter

Universal Travel Power Adapters

Benefits of a universal travel power adapter

  • Fairly easy to use.
  • All in one compact design. Both small and lightweight, around $15 USD.
  • Some universal travel adapters also include a surge protector which will prevent your electronics from being overpowered by unstable power grids in some countries.
  • The retracting pins won't catch against other items in baggage.
  • It will potentially still be useful domestically as a USB charger.
  • Some models will have USB charging ports built in.

Disadvantages of a universal travel power adapter

  • Although typical universal travel adapters will work in over 150 countries the pins don't change shape to fit in an Indian power outlet. Therefore you will still need to plug a universal travel adapter into a separate power plug adapter for an Indian power outlet if you want to use universal travel adapter to benefit from surge protection and powering multiple items from one power outlet.
  • Cannot be used with high powered electrical appliances; for example clothes irons, hair straighteners, kettles, curling irons or hair dryers.
  • Lacking an in-built voltage converter means it won't be suitable for electrical appliances which aren't 230 volts.
  • A universal travel power adapter might not be totally universal, adapters might not work in some countries with less popular power outlet types.
  • Shutters, pins and other moving parts could be fragile on some universal travel power adapters making them likely to possibily jam whilst abroad.
  • Only charges one appliance.
Plug Adapter Sets

Cost effective plug adapter set

Plug Adapter Sets

Benefits of a plug adapter set

  • As prices are between $15-$20 USD a set typically works out more inexpensive purchasing than buying individual $7 plug adapters.
  • By bringing every type of plug adapter ensures that you are covered for every country.
  • Perfect if you are travelling to different locations.
  • Each plug adapter set includes Type A, B, C, D, E/F, G, H, I, J, L, M and N adapters so will be suitable with an Indian power outlet.

Disadvantages of a plug adapter set

  • Will involve planning - you'll have to choose which adapters to pack in advance, or alternatively pack every power adapter in the set.
  • Means lots of individual plug adapters to pack.
  • Having just one working power adapter the remaining power adapters will be redundant using up packing space.
  • Not all power adapter types are typically included (and especially the less common adapters) - so check that your set has an adapter that works with an Indian power outlet.
  • Each plug adapter only modifies the actual shape of the plug but not the actual voltage.
Voltage Converters

A voltage converter with surge protection

Voltage Converters

Benefits of a voltage converter

Disadvantages of a voltage converter

  • Only changes the 230 volts in India and not the actual shape of the plug to slot in a Indian power outlet, you will still be required to pack the right type of plug adapter.
  • The normal size and weight of most models of voltage converters makes them impractical for packing in hand luggage.
  • A power converter is redundant after your trip to India.
  • Often less expensive to buy a dual voltage travel appliance than to buy a more expensive power converter simply to bring your existing single voltage domestic appliance in an incompatible location.
  • Expensive, around $128 USD.
  • If you are travelling to India from the US you will need a voltage converter as the voltage is 230 volts.

Comparison of electrical adapters for India

Type D Power Plug Adapter
Power Plug Adapter
Universal Travel Power Adapter
Universal Travel Power Adapter
Travel USB Wall Charger
Travel USB Wall Charger
Travel Power Strip
Travel Power Strip
Plug Adapter Set
Plug Adapter Set
Voltage Converter
Voltage Converter
Can be used in India Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Types of plug included D A/B, E/F, G and I A/B, E/F, G and I A, B, D, E/F, G, H, I, L and N A, B, C, D, E/F, G, H, I, J, L, M and N B
Compatible number of countries (A) 35+ 150+ 150+ 200+ 230+ 230+
Fits in a Type D Indian power outlet Yes Yes Yes
Additional Type D plug adapter required to fit in an Indian power outlet Yes Yes Yes
Useful when you return to Canada Yes Yes Yes
Typical combined number of USB ports and AC outlets 1 3 4 7 1 2
Powers USB devices Yes Yes Yes
Typical number of USB ports 0 2 4 4 0 0
Powers a 230 volt AC appliance in India Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Typical number of AC outlets 1 1 0 3 (B) 2
Converts voltage (?) Yes (C) Yes
Surge protection Yes Yes Yes Yes
Typical dimensions 2.6 x 1.9 x 1.4 inches 3 x 2.1 x 2.1 inches 4.3 x 3.4 x 1.3 inches 6.6 x 3.6 x 1.5 inches 7.1 x 3.9 x 2.8 inches 11.7 x 8.1 x 6.7 inches
Typical weight 4.5 ounces 4 ounces 4.5 ounces 1.6 pounds 13 ounces 20 pounds
Typical number of items to carry (D) 1 1 5 8 12 2
Suitable for hand luggage Yes Yes Yes • (E) • (F)
Typical price $7 USD $15 USD $18 USD $30 USD $19 USD $128 USD
Buy Buy Buy Buy Buy Buy

India power outlets and plug sockets

What plug sockets are used in India?

Type C, D and M power outlets

What plug sockets are used in India?

There are three types of power outlets used in India, these are type D, C and M with the primary power supply being type D:

  • Plug Type C - You can identify this plug socket by two round adjacent holes next to each other where the plug socket pins go.
  • Plug Type D - The plug outlet (technically called a type D power outlet) looks like three holes in a triangular pattern for live, neutral and ground.
  • Plug Type M - You can recognise the wall socket by the 3 large round holes in a triangle shape.

Do US plugs work in India?

No; an American plug won't work in India because it won't fit in an Indian power outlet without the use of a power adapter. The voltage is different therefore use a power converter if your device isn't dual voltage and check that your appliance is compatible with a 50hz power outlet.

What is the frequency used with an Indian power outlet?

The frequency from an Indian power outlet is 50Hz.

Are Indian power outlets the same as the US?

American plugs won't fit in an Indian power outlet so you will need to bring a power adapter for India. Both the voltage and frequency are different so if your charger or appliance isn't dual voltage please use a power converter for India and check that it works with a 50hz supply.

Is the voltage in India the same as the US?

The voltage which comes from an Indian power outlet is 230 volts, whereas 120 volts is used in America. If your US appliance or charger can't handle dual voltage then you will need to use a suitable power converter for India which allows a 120 volt American appliance to work with a 220-240 volt outlet.

How do I use a 110 volt appliance in India?

To use a 110 volt or 120 volt appliance in an Indian power outlet you need to bring a step down power converter.

Are there power outages in India?

India suffers power outages several times every month and with this high level of unpredictability it is recommended to pack accordingly.

What is access to electrical power like in India?

In India almost a quarter of the population of the country doesn't have access to electricity.

Should I pack a power bank for India?

Because electrical power isn't available in all areas of India along with potential power cuts, visitors should bring alternate charging solutions if they want to continue using devices such as cellphones or eReaders.

  • During a trip to India increased use of mobile phones for taking pictures, storing calendars, GPS, social network sharing and streaming videos will syphon off power excessively. As well as the inconvenience of missing photo opportunities a flat smart phone battery could potentially leave you in an unknown location without sufficient power to make emergency calls or being able to use a satellite navigation app to return to your hotel or accommodation. By packing a portable charger [4] lowers that risk as it allows you to power up your cell phone on the move, especially when visiting a country with a lack of access to power and power cuts in some areas.
  • We recommend using at least a 10,000mAh portable charger [4] which will store enough electricity to power over 3 full days of mobile phone use while a 20,000mAh power bank [14] should keep an average cell phone powered for almost a week.
  • Providing that your laptop uses a USB-C charging port then a portable charger for a laptop [15] marked with PD (power delivery) that supplies at least 20Wh can be used to recharge that laptop when travelling to India.
  • However be aware that some airlines prohibit portable chargers on an aircraft with more than 100Wh of power and must not be kept in the hold so we recommended checking ahead with the carrier.
  • Consumer portable chargers aren't designed for use with high wattage items that generate heat, but a rechargeable hair dryer [12] or gas hair straighteners [13] are designed for travelling to areas with both power cuts and a lack of access to electricity such as India.
Should I pack a power bank for India?
Does a solar powered charger work in India?

Solar backpacks are ideal in hot countries

Does a solar powered charger work in India?

The sunlight in India will be adequate enough to charge solar power bank [17] dependably, however it needs to be left in strong sunlight in order to produce enough energy for a single charge cycle. This might prove inconvenient to constantly unpack a solar power bank then wait for it to recharge in a sunny area.

  • Instead, the larger cells used on a solar backpack [16] give the bag the ability to create more electricity within a faster period of time, meaning they should perform well in India.
  • A phone that has been directly plugged into a USB port of a solar backpack can trickle charge the power during sunny spells in India, but this could be inconvenient to have the phone constantly connected to the bag during the day should it be used frequently. Unlike a handheld solar power bank that requires unpacking facing sunlight, a solar powered backpack is constantly exposed to light so will be topping up a power bank [4] during the day.
  • Even though the climate in India is suitable, a bag should ideally have a solar cell efficiency of 22% or greater, can generate at least 6 watts of power and be used with a compatible power bank of 10,000mAH or stronger.
  • Unlike normal firm solar cells, the flexible and durable solar panels used in solar powered bags are built to endure scratches and bending. They are found in rucksack, backpack and laptop messenger styles which makes them ideal for domestic, travel and work use.

Sources

  • International Electrotechnical Commission - World plugs by location (cited August 2014)
  • Wikipedia - Mains electricity by country (cited July 2014)
  • Index Mundi - Power outages in a typical month (cited May 2018, data collected between 2006 to 2017)
  • Index Mundi - Access to electricity (cited May 2018, latest data collected 2010)
  • WikiPedia - List of countries by average yearly temperature (cited May 2018, data averaged between 1961 to 1990)

India chargers

What is a USB travel power charger?

A USB travel charger is a dual voltage charger with interchangeable plugs and multiple USB ports, suitable for charging multiple USB powered devices when travelling abroad.

What USB charger do I need for India?

When travelling with more than one device then the best travel adapter for India to buy is a multiple USB charger which includes compatible plugs such as a 4 port USB travel charger [7]. There are three types of power outlets in India (types D, C and M) and bringing this will ensure that you are covered for type C. Because these types of chargers come with interchangeable pins and handle from 100 volts - 240 volts will mean that you can travel to multiple countries in Asia, North America, Europe and Africa just by switching the heads over. If your device supports Fast Charge (not all USB devices will) then you will benefit from quicker recharging times by using one of these travel adapters plus additional compatibility with certain power demanding devices like tablets.

This will allow you to charge multiple devices simultaneously without needing to bring individual power adapters on your Indian trip or occupying additional wall sockets. By only packing a single international travel charger will help keep the overall size and weight down, making it perfect to fold up and store in hand luggage. Because of their space saving flexibility these types of travel chargers can be used back at home so when you're not travelling they can be used overnight charging multiple tablets, smartphones and e-readers without using up an additional power outlet.

For those travelling regularly we suggest buying an adaptable travel adapter similar to this online. The multipurpose travel charger illustrated is the 4 Port USB Wall Charger [7] which has been tested successfully with multiple USB devices in numerous foreign countries around the world with perfect reliably.

What USB charger do I need for India?

Why use a travel USB charger for India?

  • Typically travel USB chargers include multiple USB charger ports, this means that you should only need to bring one charger to charge multiple devices. Instead of bringing 4 separate power chargers you only need to pack one 4 port USB wall charger to power up to 4 devices, thereby reducing the size and weight of your baggage.
  • Travel USB chargers should include swappable plug heads for various countries thereby making them suitable if visiting other countries across Asia which are likely to use a different standard to India.
  • Good USB travel chargers are rugged, lightweight and compact; ideal for rigors of travel instead of than risking bringing along a domestic charger which might be impossible to repair or replace in India.
  • USB chargers will accept both the 230 volts used in India power outlets plus different voltage standards in other countries.
  • There is a chance that some hotel bedrooms or accommodation in India might only have one power outlet, by using a travel charger with multiple USB ports means you can share the single wall outlet with family or other traveler instead of waiting to charge each device one by one.
  • Because of their versatile nature a travel USB charger takes the worry out of travelling to any unknown country as they are guaranteed to work practically anywhere on the planet.
  • Power outlets in airports are often in short supply and the demand for charging multiple cell phones before a flight can be high, therefore a USB travel charger with multiple ports and the ability to charge quickly is perect.
  • Sometimes the power grid in a country can be unstable, a travel USB charger allows for unexpected surges and prevents damage to any devices attached to it. Attempting to repair an overloaded smartphone in India could prove to be problematic and expensive.
  • Premium USB travel chargers also incorporate a power outlet strip to allow you to power low wattage devices such as laptops, however these are unsuitable for high wattage domestic such as hair dryers or clothes irons. See the section on using travel appliances in India for useful guidelines and advice on the best power adapter for a high wattage devices with an Indian power outlet.
  • Certain cell phones could pull more than the normal 500 milliamps produced from a standard 5 volt USB adapter to charge or provide fast charge. More expensive USB chargers will support fast charging should any of your devices require additional power.
  • When back at home travel USB chargers can still be used by charging multiple cell phones every night using only one power outlet.

What is the best USB charger for India?

The is the most compact option for travellers from around the world who only have USB devices, but for those also wishing to use their domestic plugs these power strips provide larger but more versatile solutions. All 3 power adapters offer surge protection which is crucial for visitors of counties with unreliable power grids. These travel adapters come with interchangeable type C, I and G plugs covering both India and over 150 countries around the world:

  • BESTEK Portable International Travel Voltage Converter - The BESTEK international travel converter has 4 USB charging ports with 3 AC power outlets and is the best selling portable option for travellers originating from America visiting India.
  • ORICO Traveling Outlet Surge Protector Power Strip - Similarly having 4 USB ports but only 2 AC power outlets the travel adapter from Orico is also aimed at travellers from North America using type B plugs and gives almost the same set of features as the BESTEK with only one less AC outlet at almost half the price.
  • BESTEK International USB Travel Power Strip - This power strip has just 2 AC outlets but offers a generous 5 USB charging ports. This versatile power strip is compatible with both American plugs and popular plug types A, D,E/F, G, H, I, L and N making it ideal for a majority of travellers from around the world visiting India.

Power converters for India

What does a power converter for India do?

A power converter allows travellers to use a 100-120 volt electrical appliance with a 230 volt Indian power outlet.

Also known as: electrical converter, electrical transformer, voltage converter, power transformer or voltage transformer.

What is the difference between a plug adapter and a power converter?

A heavy and expensive power converter [18] will transform the voltage of 230 volts from an Indian power outlet to work with a non-230 volt appliance, however a smaller and more lightweight power adapter (or plug adapter) will change the shape of the plug on your appliance to slot into a power outlet found in India.

Do I need a power converter for India?

If travelling to India from a different country ensure the device will accept a 230 volt power supply.

  • You will need a step down power converter [10] if you are travelling to India from a country that uses 100-120 volts and your appliance or device isn't compatible with 230 volts. See the WikiConnections list of world power outlets guide to find out the voltage is used in your country.
  • You won't need a power converter if you already use either a 230 volt single voltage device or one that supports dual voltage.
  • Normally electrical devices designed to use a lower voltage such as 110 volts and then used in a 230 volt outlet run the risk of an electrical fire hazard, a blown fuse or damage to your device.
  • You won't need a power converter if you are attempting to power a smaller electrical device such as a mobile phone or laptop as these are typically designed for international use and dual voltage, however always always check the device for dual voltage support prior to your journey.
  • For powering high wattage appliances or generate heat (for example hair straighteners and clothes irons) then you will need to use a more expensive higher wattage heavy duty power converter [19].
  • It will be more cost effective to bring a smaller lightweight dual voltage travel appliance than trying to bring a heavier high wattage power converter to India just to use your existing domestic appliance.
  • For more information read our travel guides on how to use clothes irons, curling wands, blow dryers and flat irons in Indian power outlets , along with guides for some affordable dual voltage alternatives.

Will I need a power converter if I'm visiting India from the US?

The 230 volts used in a electric outlet in India is different to an 110 volt American outlet, therefore you will need to use a step down power converter if your appliance or charger doesn't support dual voltage.

What kind of converter do I need for India?

You need to buy a step down power converter [10] in order to use any 100, 110 or 120 volt appliance in India.

What is the difference between a power transformer and a power converter?

Voltage converter

What is the difference between a power transformer and a power converter?

Converters and transformers are both used to change one voltage to another, but this ambiguity can cause confusion as their purposes are different:

  • Power converters are designed for simple electrical appliances which typically generate heat or use motors such as clothes irons, shavers or hair dryers. Transformers are designed for more complex electronic items such as televisions or games consoles.
  • Buying a power converter is cheaper than buying a power transformer.
  • Power transformers are larger and heavier making them more suited for permanent residential use; for example an expat wishing to use an imported television would need to use a transformer for this purpose.
  • Power converters are more suitable for travellers wishing to bring domestic appliances abroad such as hair dryers or flat irons. However, it is more practical and cost effective to purchase a dual voltage appliance designed for travel rather than a heavier power converter.
  • Power converters are suitable for 2 pin ungrounded appliances, it could be harder to find a converter if you want to use a grounded 3 pin appliance.
  • Transformers can be used constantly however it is recommended that converters are used for no longer than a couple of hours at a time.
  • Shops may sell transformers under the name of converters, for the purposes this guide we will be referring to both converters and transformers as converters.

What voltage does India use?

India uses 230 volts in their power outlets.

How to convert 230 volts to 110 volts

  1. Use a step down power converter [10] to allow you to use a 110 or 120 volt appliance with an 230 volt Indian power outlet.
  2. If the power converter doesn't include the correct shaped plug then it will also be necessary to plug in the power cord from the power converter into a power adapter for India before plugging that into an Indian power outlet.
  3. Some power converters include the ability to perform both step up and step down voltage conversions, therefore it may be necessary to manually switch the converter to output the voltage to the 110-120 volt range.
  4. Plug your appliance into the converter and turn the power on, your 110-120 volt appliance can now be used with an 230 volt Indian power outlet.
Is my device single voltage or dual voltage?

Dual voltage hair dryer

Is my device single voltage or dual voltage?

The way to see if a device is either single voltage or dual voltage is to look for a sticker on the supplied power plug, or on the appliance itself, typically on the rear of the unit or near to where the power cord sits. The location might depend on the make or model of your unit, it should also state on the box.

  • Single voltage devices could have a specific number - such as 110V.
  • Single voltage devices might also have a small voltage range (20 volts difference) with a dash to accomodate small voltage fluctuations - such as 100-120V.
  • Dual voltage devices will typically say a larger range separated with a slash - such as 110/240V.

Substantiations

How we compared products

Typical figures based on top 5 popular electrical adapters for each form-factor from different manufacturers with prices as of October 2018.

  • Power Plug Adapters - Ceptics Grounded Universal Plug Adapter, TESSAN Grounded Universal Travel Power Plug Adapter, Tmvel Universal International Power Adapter Plug, EnriQ Plug Adapter, Ckitze Travel Power Plug Adapter.
  • Universal Travel Power Adapters - BESTEK Universal Travel Adapter, NEWVANGA International Universal All in One Worldwide Travel Adapter, Bluegogo Universal All in One Worldwide Travel Adapter, HAOZI All-in-one International Power Adapter, UROPHYLLA Universal European Adapter Dual Fuses.
  • Trvel USB Wall Chargers - iKits 4-Port USB Wall/International Charger, LENCENT 4 Port USB Travel Adapter, PISEN USB Wall Charger, Anker 27W 4-Port USB Wall Charger PowerPort 4 Lite, USB Plug Travel Charger Adaptor, Turata 4 Port Universal World Wall Charger.
  • Travel Power Strips - BESTEK International USB Travel Power Strip, TESSAN 3 Outlet Surge Protector travel Power Strip, Portable Travel Adapter Power Strip Charging Station, GR-8 Power Compact & Slim Travel Charging Station, NTONPOWER Portable Charging Station.
  • Plug Adapter Sets - Ceptics GP-12PK International Travel Worldwide Grounded Universal Plug Adapter Set, Ceptics World Travel Adapter Set - 11 Pack, BESTEK Grounded Universal Plug Set, OREI 7 World Travel Adapter Plug Set, Ceptics Adapter Plug Set for World Wide International Travel Use.
  • Voltage Converters - Power Bright VC2000W Voltage Transformer Step Up/Down converter, LiteFuze LT-3000 3000 Watt Voltage Converter Transformer - Step Up/Down, SEYAS 1000W Auto Step Up & Step Down Voltage Transformer Converter, Rockstone Power 5000 Watt Heavy Duty Step Up/Down Voltage Transformer Converter, KRIEGER 1700 Watt Voltage Transformer Step up/down 120V / 230V AC outlet American European Converter.

Weight, dimensions, number of AC outlets, number of USB powers and prices were all based by calculating and rounding an average figure for each attribute where known.

Key to electrical adapter comparison

  1. Compatible number of countries based on data from the International Electrotechnical Commission World Plugs page (cited November 2018).
  2. Assuming only a single plug adapter from the plug adapter set will be used at any one time in a compatible location.
  3. Depending on if the power strip supports voltage conversion for low wattage items. All travel power strips tested do not convert voltage for high wattage appliances.
  4. Including the device itself, any supplied plug heads and power cords.
  5. Some travel power strips featuring less AC outlets may be small and lightweight enough to be suitable for hand luggage.
  6. Number of items if bringing an entire set of plug adapters for use in multiple locations to cover all eventualities (unless bringing only the necessary single plug adapter).

What type of adapter do you need for India?

Deciding which type of adapter to bring to India

The type of power converter or plug adapter that is suitable for India depends on various requirements, so prior choosing the right one to buy we suggest reading through the following checklist:

How many electrical devices are you taking to India?

Children might need to recharge devices

How many electrical devices are you taking to India?

  • List all the items you'll need to bring to India (such as tablets, laptops, phones, eReaders, curling irons or hair dryers).
    • Remember to allow for more electrical devices at a later date. Are you thinking about buying a new laptop computer soon?
    • There are a growing number of rechargeable electronics such as electric shavers which use a USB port as their power charging source, the next time you buy a new device it could use a USB adapter so please ensure your travel adapter has enough spare ports to support these additional items also.
  • Are you bringing a partner to India who will need to charge their devices too?

What types of electrical items do you need to charge in India?

  • There are three types of electrical devices or appliances:
    • Low wattage electrical devices that plug into a power outlet - for example cameras and laptops.
    • High wattage electrical appliances which plug into an electrical outlet - for example clothes irons or hair straighteners.
    • USB electrical devices which charge using a USB port - for example phones.
  • When you only want to bring along just USB powered devices you'll find that a simple travel USB charger is ideal because you will only need to bring one compact charger and leave your domestic chargers at home.
  • Travel power strips are built for powering and voltage conversion for multiple low wattage devices (such as cameras), however won't work with high wattage appliances that need voltage conversion.
How many power outlets will be available when you get to India?

Are multiple wall outlets available

How many power outlets will be available when you get to India?

  • A hotel may have only one power outlet on the wall. This will present an issue if recharging the batteries of multiple electronic devices such as cell phones, tablet computers and laptops overnight as you'll only be able to charge one device at a time.
  • If you wish to charge multiple devices at the same time then we recommend using a travel power strip or travel USB wall charger which can power multiple USB ports or outlets.
Are you only planning on charging USB devices?

Are you only bringing USB items

Are you only planning on charging USB devices?

  • Should you only plan on packing USB electronics such as phones and tablets then it is recommended to just pack a travel USB wall charger.
  • If you only use a simple power plug adapter then you will still need to pack the USB power charger that came with your device too.

Will your devices and appliances only work with 230 volt power outlets?

Do you intend on visiting anywhere abroad in the future?

Is India the only location you plan on visiting?

How much can you afford?

  • A cheap power adapter starts from around $7 which powers only one device in India (providing that it is dual voltage or is compatible with 230 volts) but investing in roughly $20 allows you to power multiple devices at once and bring them to various countries.

Will you always have reliable access to electrical power?

  • The electricity in India might sporadically fluctuate and this can cause damage to your devices, you will need to look for an adapter which offers built in surge protection such as a travel power strip.
  • Due to India suffering from power outages or having limited access to power in some areas you might find that whichever power charger you bring doesn't work anyway. Prepare for power cuts and areas of limited electricity by bringing a solar backpack [16] or portable charger [4].

Do you still need use your charger when returning to Canada?

Do you intend on only bringing hand luggage?

Are you only using hand luggage

Do you intend on only bringing hand luggage?

Are you flying long haul to get to India?

Using a phone after a long haul flight

Are you flying long haul to get to India?

  • If you are embarking on an extended flight to get to India think about a convenient airport-suitable charger that works in different power outlet types, one which can be carried in hand luggage and can be used to top up tablets and phones.
  • Because not all airlines have power outlets available we recommend using a travel portable charger [4] which will recharge on the go. When you land in India you may need to use a cellphone for making a call, using mapping or reading itineraries; so please make sure that your phone has enough battery power remaining.

What can I connect to an Indian power outlet

Travel appliances which can connect to an Indian power outlet

Beats Pill speakers which can connect to an Indian power outlet

Jabra Bluetooth speakers which are compatible with an Indian power outlet

Mobile phones that can connect to the Indian power outlet

Apple iPhones which can be connected to an Indian power outlet

Samsung Galaxy phones that work with an Indian power outlet

A list of Amazon Kindle tablets which work with an Indian power outlet

A list of Apple iPads which are compatible with an Indian power outlet

Corrections

We endeavor to ensure all details on this page are correct and relevant to travelers visiting India, if you wish to contribute any useful information or feedback please email travel@wikiconnections.org. For more comprehensive technical details visit the Wikipedia page on AC power plugs and sockets [20].

Disclaimer

WikiConnections is not responsible for any injury or damage caused due to using any type of suggested product with any other electrical device or appliance in any location, full details are available on the disclaimer page. All functions and capabilities should be checked prior to purchasing or using any power adapter. Assumptions on if any power adapter, charger, converter or power strip works in any location is based on data from publicly available sources and if it fits the primary power outlet used in that country. WikiConnections has not taken into consideration other less common power outlets which might be found as these might only be used in certain areas or in the process of being phased out.

Where possible, WikiConnections only recommends the type of product as being suitable along with alternatives and does not make any endorsement for any specific brand or product. Always check with the manufacturer to ensure full compatibility prior to attempting to use any device. Always check the reputation of the manufacturer and product to ensure the quality and safety of any electrical device being used.

  1. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/India - wikipedia.org entry about India.
  2. http://www.iec.ch/worldplugs/ - International Electrotechnical Commission World Plugs
  3. Type D plug adapter - Allows appliances to connect to Type D power outlets without converting voltage.
  4. Portable charger - A power bank is a portable charger which can recharge USB powered devices such as mobile phones and tablets on the go.
  5. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adapter - power adaptor
  6. Travel power strip - A travel power strip includes surge protectors, AC power outlets, USB ports and swappable plug adapters for use in multiple countries.
  7. 4 Port USB Wall Charger - A universal USB charger capable of charging up to 4 USB devices with swappable international adapters.
  8. Universal travel power adapter - A typical universal travel power adapter can be used in over 150 different countries for use with appliances and USB devices.
  9. Plug adapter set - Plug adapter set containing a number of different power plug adapters for use in different countries.
  10. Step down power converter - A step down power converter allows a 100-120 volt appliance to be used in a 220-240 volt power outlet.
  11. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mains_electricity_by_country - WikiPedia - Mains electricity by country
  12. Rechargeable hair dryer - Rechargeable battery powered blow dryer suitable for travelling.
  13. Gas hair straighteners - Cordless ceramic hair straighteners powered by gas cartridges.
  14. 20,000mAh portable charger - High capacity 20000mAh high-speed portable USB charger suitable for charging mobile phones and some tablets for several days.
  15. USB-C PD power bank - Power Delivery charger suitable for charging laptops with USB-C support.
  16. Solar backpack - A solar backpack will charge USB devices or an internal power bank when left in sunlight.
  17. Solar power bank - Portable power bank with solar cells which can recharge when placed in sunlight and power any USB powered device.
  18. Power converter - A step up step down power converter converts 110-120 volts up to 220-240 volts and 220-240 volts down to 110-120 Volts.
  19. Heavy duty power converter - A 5000 watt heavy duty step up and step down power converter used to convert voltages for domestic appliances, power tools, televisions, heating appliances and motors.
  20. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/AC_power_plugs_and_sockets - AC power plugs and sockets